Early mention of backsword "bake-sword" - 1554

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Early mention of backsword "bake-sword" - 1554

Postby admin » 10 Nov 2014 13:29

8 July, 2 Mary.—Coroner's Inquisition-post-mortem, taken at Tutehill Strete in the Liberty of the city of Westminster, on view of the body of Richard Hale alias Hales, late of the said city yoman, there lying dead: With Verdict that, on the 17th of May last past, at St.Martin's-in-the-Fields near Charyng Crosse, Laurence Coottes late of Westminster yoman was in God's and the Queen's peace, in a certain place there under the wall called "Seynt James Newe Parke Wall,"and in the highway there leading to "le Hyde Parke Corner," when Richard Hale "gladiis baculis et cultellis" assaulted him with the intention of wounding him; and that, after withdrawing from the same Richard Hale even to a diche of water, lying within the aforesaid highway, near the aforesaid "Seynt Jamez Newe Parke Wall," and after doing his utmost to avoid the affray thus forced upon him, Laurence Cootes, fighting in lawful self-defence and for the preservation of his life, with his sword, called "a bake-sword," gave Richard Hale on the left side of his head a mortal blow, of which he died on the 19thof the same month of May.—The length of the time between the death and inquest is noteworthy. G. D. R., 25 Sept., 1 & 2 Phil. And Mary. .

From: 'Middlesex Sessions Rolls: 1554', Middlesex county records: Volume 1: 1550-1603 (1886), pp. 17-21.

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Re: Early mention of backsword "bake-sword" - 1554

Postby Thearos » 25 Nov 2014 17:09

Earlier than the OED (1611, dictionary), and 46 years earlier than Shakespeare (1600)

Henry IV, Pt. 2 iii. ii. 63
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